The specialists at Perio Health Professionals recommend periodontal surgery when your gingivitis progresses and a periodontal pocket develops. A periodontal pocket forms as a result of plaque bacteria accumulating and moving below your gumline.
When a pocket forms, brushing your teeth no longer effectively removes plaque. If you leave your periodontal disease untreated, the plaque continues to spread below your gumline and infects the inside of the pocket.
Plaque bacteria then starts to produce byproducts which cause the soft and hard tissues near the pocket to begin to degrade. As a result, the original pocket deepens, compromising the stability of the roots of your teeth. Without periodontal surgery, your teeth become loose or uncomfortable.
If your gum disease hasn’t progressed to the point of needing periodontal surgery, the doctors at Perio Health Professionals recommend a deep cleaning. Also called scaling and root planing, this process entails scraping the tartar from above and below your gumline. The dentists at Perio Health Professionals will on occasion use a laser to reduce bleeding, swelling, and discomfort.
Periodontal surgery procedures include:
The doctors at Perio Health Professionals may recommend gingival flap surgery if you have moderate to severe periodontitis. The procedure involves cutting your gum tissues to separate them from your teeth. Once complete, your teeth will get a deep cleaning to remove tartar and plaque from below the pockets.
Gingivectomies involve the removal of excess gum tissue that makes cleaning easier for the patient. The specialists at Perio Health Professionals numb your gum tissue before cutting and removing it.
Gingivoplasty reshapes healthy gum tissue around your teeth to make them look better. A gingivoplasty is performed if you have tooth recession where the gums have pushed away from your teeth. Gingivoplasty involves grafting gum tissue from the roof of your mouth before it gets stitched into place on either side of your recessed teeth.
Bone and tissue grafts help regenerate bone and gum tissue lost to periodontitis. Bone grafting involves using natural or synthetic bone in place of the lost bone.
Tissue regeneration often accompanies bone grafts and involves keeping your gum tissue from growing into places where bone should be. In doing so, tissue regeneration allows your bone and connective tissue to regrow.
When the specialists at Perio Health Professionals perform periodontal microsurgery, the limitations associated with traditional periodontal techniques, including longer healing time, pain, and scars, are eliminated.
To start the process of reversing your gingivitis through the use of periodontal surgery, call or reach out to us via e-mail to schedule an appointment at Perio Health Professionals in Houston.